Indigo Indigo

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In which year did Gandhi urge the departure of the British.
Why is Rajkumar Shukla described as being ‘resolute’?
Rajkumar Shukla has been described as a resolute person as he didn’t for once give up hope of calling Gandhiji to come to the aid of the peasants of Champaran. Gandhiji kept postponing it but that didn’t waiver the peasant he followed him till his efforts yielded result and Gandhiji agreed to go with him. Gandhi told Shukla he had an appointment in Cawnpore and was also committed to go to other parts of India. Shukla accompanied him everywhere. Then Gandhi returned to his ashram near Ahmedabad. Shukla followed him to the ashram. For weeks he never left Gandhi’s side.
Why do you think the servants thought Gandhi to be another peasant at Rajendra Prasad’s house?
Why could Gandhiji not accompany Shukla to Chamapran immediately? List the places that he visited between the first meeting with Shukla and his arrival at Champaran?
What did the peasants pay the British landlords as rent? What did the British planters now want instead and why? What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the price of natural indigo?
Why did Gandhi agree to a settlement of 25% refund to the farmers?
How did the Chamaparan episode change the plight of the peasants?
Why do you think Gandhiji considered the Champaran episode to be a turning point in his life?
How was Gandhiji able to influence lawyers? Give instances.
What was the attitude of the average Indian in smaller localities towards the advocates of ‘home rule’?
How do we know that ordinary people too contributed to the freedom movement?
‘Freedom from fear is more important than legal justice for the poor.’ Comment.
What made Gandhiji urge the departure of the British?
Who was Rajkumar Shukla? What do you get to know about him from the chapter ‘Indigo’?
What problems were the Champaran indigo sharecroppers facing?
Why did Gandhiji visit Muzzafarpur on his way to Chamapran? Who received him there?
Why did Gandhiji chide the Muzzafarpur lawyers? What did he eventually decide about the course of action to be taken to help out the indigo sharecroppers?
Why did the British landlords obtain agreement from the peasants to pay them compensation for being released from 15% arrangement?
What made the peasants who had entered into agreement with the British landlords to pay compensation demand their money back from the British landlords?
Why did Gandhiji meet the secretary of the British landlord’s association on arriving in Chamapran? What was the outcome?
Why did Gandhiji call on the British official commissioner of the Tirhut division? What was the outcome of this meeting?
Give a brief account of the reception that Gandhiji got in Motihari.
How were the Britishers shown that their dreaded and unquestioned authority could be challenged by the Indians?
What argument did Gandhiji give for not complying with the official orders to quit Chamapran?
What made Mahatma Gandhi declare ‘the battle of Chamapran is won’?
Why did Gandhiji stay on in Champaran even after the sharecroppers’ problem was solved?
How did Gandhiji keep a distant watch on the Ashram?
Why did Gandhiji oppose the idea of requesting the English pacifist, Charles Freer Andrews to stay on in Chamapran?
What was the “conflict of duties”?
Why do you think the sharecropping arrangement was troublesome to the peasants?
Who was Raj Kumar Shukla? How did he persuade Gandhi to come to his place?
“He began by trying to get the facts.” What different facts did he (Gandhi) collect? What was the outcome?
How did Gandhi negotiate for settlement of refund to peasants? Was it justified? Give reasons.
Dialogue not violence can resolve situation of conflict ad injustice. Do you agree? Answer with illustrations from the lesson ‘indigo’.

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